How to Draft a Research Report?

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Drafting a research report involves planning, writing, and revising. The researcher must also know the structure of a research report. She has to draft it according to the structure. In the following sections, we shall discuss the structure of a research report; how to plan for it; how to draft and revise it. We shall also discuss the problems a researcher may face during the writing and how to overcome them.

The Structure of a Research Report:

For Scientific Research:

  1. Title Page
  2. Table of Contents
  3. Lists of Tables
  4. List of Figures
  5. Acknowledgments
  6. Introduction
  7. Chapter I Review of Literature
  8. Chapter II Research Design
  9. Chapter III Data Analysis and Interpretation
  10. Chapter IV Summary and Conclusion
  11. Recommendations
  12. Suggestions for Further Research
  13. Bibliography
  14. Appendices

Research Report in Humanities:

  1. Title Page
  2. Table of Contents
  3. Lists of Tables
  4. List of Figure
  5. Acknowledgments
  6. Introduction
  7. Chapter I
  8. Chapter II
  9. Chapter III
  10. Chapter IV
  11. Conclusion
  12. Bibliography


Before writing a draft, the researcher has to have a plan. The planning helps her to see the whole picture. Before planning a draft, a researcher must have answer of the following questions:

  • Who are the readers?
  • Can you write your question in two or three sentences?
  • Can you write your supporting arguments in few sentences?
  • Do you know the possible objections against your arguments?
  • Can you response the possible objections?

Start with writing a brief summary of the keypoints from the relevant sources. Then, try to sketch a research gap in them and rephrase your research question accordingly. Try to provide an answer and justify your answer with your arguments. Now discuss some possible objections and try to response them.


While drafting, the researcher must try to write according to the plan. Your writing should follow a structure. Every chapter and every section must have its own structure so work section by section and chapter by chapter. Identify the structure and arrange whatever in your mind according to it. The researcher should not shift her focus from her aim while writing. The paragaraphs should be in unity.


Most importantly, every chapter has an aim. while writing the researcher must keep recalling the aim. She should draft her report in such a way that the reader can understand the aim and see whether it is able to fulfil its aim or not. Keep reminding your readers what you want to say or what you have written. Revise a sentence or a paragraph if it does not seem clear. Make sure your sentences say what you really want to say. The aim of revising is to state your position more clearly.

How to Formulate a Strong Hypothesis? • Akhiri Panna

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