A Strong hypothesis states the predictions and reasoning of your proposed research. As a researcher, we do not know the outcome for sure but we make some predictions about it. It is like a guess or an assumption based on given information. But the researcher needs to prove her prediction by collecting data or information. It enables us to test the hypothesis.
However, a hypothesis is, though important, not an integral part of the research. It is a tentative statement. Its validity is not known yet. It is formulated on the logical relationship between two or more variables. So it discusses what variables you are testing. A variable refers to anything that can be observed like an event or object.
The main purpose of writing a hypothesis is to bring focus or specificity to the study. It also helps to make a sample design. Formulating a strong hypothesis is important for your audience because they might want to know whether it is proven right or wrong.
Types of Hypothesis:
- The descriptive hypothesis makes such predictions about the outcome of the study that can be explained.
- The Relational hypothesis shows the relationship between two or more variables
- The Causal hypothesis indicates the cause and effect relationship between two variables.
- The Null hypothesis is a kind of statistical hypothesis that shows the statistical insignificance in the given observation.
Characteristics of a Strong Hypothesis:
- It must consist of such predictions only that can be tested. Verifiability is an essential condition for a strong hypothesis.
- The variables that are required to be tested, must also have a cause and effect relationship.
- To test the variables, you must have control over them. So, a hypothesis should mostly be independent variables.
How to Write a Strong Hypothesis
- A strong hypothesis should rest on such predictions which have come out of your sincere questioning. It must interest you and your audience. That means, your audience also must have an interest in knowing the result of your hypothesis test.
- It must be based on the right pieces of information on the subject. So, you should get as much information as you can before writing a hypothesis.
- A strong hypothesis must be phrased in if-then form.
- The researcher must be able to test her hypothesis. So always keep in mind whether data is available or not.
- The researcher also keeps ethical aspects of the research in mind. Ask your self- whether we should test the particular hypothesis.